If a person suspects that he or she or a loved one is suffering from ADHD, it is important to remember that the condition is treatable and seek the help of a professional as soon as possible.



ADHD is a problem that impairs children's development. The crux of the problem is that the child's attention is easily distracted or that excessive hyperactive behavior prevents him or her from concentrating on a task. It can also be a combination of both. Lack of concentration results in the child not being able to learn new things or absorb information, which slows down his or her development.

Symptoms can be observed from an early age and, if not managed properly, can persist into the late teens and even into adulthood. The specific causes of ADHD are uncertain, but it is generally accepted that genetic factors are the leading cause. Diet, as well as the child's social and physical environment, can play a role. ADHD can be treated successfully, and normally a combination of medication and a behavioral program is suggested.



The following symptoms are indicative, based on the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM – 5), which is widely accepted as the most authoritative source worldwide. Please note Please note that an official diagnosis may only be made by a qualified person.

To determine if your child is suffering from ADHD, he or she should six or morefrom either 1) attention deficit or 2) hyperactivity / impulsivity-symptoms. Symptoms should at least 6 months prevent and not be common to the developmental age of the child.

  1. Attention distractibility
    1. Struggling to pay attention to details or make careless mistakes with homework or other activities.
    2. Struggling to maintain attention with tasks or play.
    3. Create the impression that he or she is not paying attention when someone is talking to him or her.
    4. Do not complete his or her homework and / or homework.
    5. Struggles to plan and organize tasks and activities.
    6. Avoid tasks or refuse to perform tasks that require sustained concentration.
    7. Regularly lose things needed to complete tasks, e.g. books, toys, pens, etc.
    8. Attention is easily distracted by other events around him or her.
    9. Regular, daily forgetfulness.
  2. Hyperactivity / impulsivity
    1. Fidget constantly or can't sit still.
    2. Leave his or her seat regularly in a classroom if not needed.
    3. Run around or climb and climb in situations where it is inappropriate.
    4. Struggling to play quietly alone.
    5. Is constantly "on the move" and "on the move".
    6. A constant, excessive talk.
    7. Act impulsively.
    8. Often, answer questions before asking the question.
    9. Struggling to wait his or her turn.
    10. Frequently interrupt others' conversations.
  3. Some symptoms are before the age of 7 present.
  4. Some symptoms occur in two or more situations, e.g. at school and at home.
  5. There should be clear signs that your child is struggling more than other children at school to adjust socially.



  1. Should my child take medication?
    It is not always necessary and depends on child to child. By far the best results are achieved with the help of medication.
  2. What are the benefits of medication?
    Because the basis of ADHD is mainly related to faulty chemical regulation and physiological factors, the medication usually addresses the symptoms and the problem at the same time.
  3. Who should diagnose my child with ADHD?
    Any psychiatrist or psychologist who is specialized in dealing with behavioral disorders in children.
  4. Who can prescribe the medication for my child?
    Sometimes a general practitioner may prescribe medication, but we advise you to have the medication prescribed by a psychiatrist who specializes in behavioral disorders in children.
  5. The medication does not work for my child; can i just leave it?
    There is no one size fits all medication for the treatment of ADHD. What works for one child may not work for another. Give the psychiatrist time to change the dose and / or dose several times until the correct results are obtained. Never decide to release the medication yourself. It is extremely important to always consult a professional. Many parents believe vitamin and omega supplements are just as effective as chemical medications. Although these and other natural products can sometimes be helpful, research clearly indicates that supplements do not address the problem.




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If you or a loved one is struggling with mental health issues, we suggest the following options:
  1. call your GP (if available);
  2. go to your nearest hospital emergency room;
  3. call one of the following emergency numbers: SADAG (the South African Depression and Anxiety Group) 24-hour helpline: 0800 456 789 or suicide crisis line: 0800 567 567; or
  4. contact Wie is ek?